DNS server(bind server) installation and configuration

Pranaam to all Bhai ji _/\_
Today we will discuss about DNS server aka bind server which helps in mapping domain name to IP and vice versa
means , whenever we want to connect to any domain by typing ip its name , machine needs to map that name to ip so that it can connect to that ip and serve user request.
for example , a user want to connect to google.com and for that user's machine needs ip address of google.com . for domain name to ip mapping we require DNS server.
DNS server has  for domain name and when a client comes to it for domain name mapping , it give ip of domain to client and after that client connect to domain by using that ip address .
so when user tried to connect to google.com, first of all request forwarded to DNS server for ip mapping
once DNS server replied, user will connect to google.com by using that ip address.
user machine will store ip mapped by DNS server of domain in cache for further use.

DNS server also perform ip to domain name mapping, means it resolve domain name from IP

lets start with DNS server setup 8-)

for DNS server setup , we use bind package .
we can install bind package using yum 
command is yum install bind

After installing bind package , we need to configure other server settings  i.e
2.Assign static IP to machine which will behave as DNS server
3.DNS server IP entry in /etc/resolv.conf file 
setting Hostname
hostname setup is done in 2 ways , 
temporary (by using command hostname new_hostname) 
Permanent (by editing /etc/sysconfig/network file )
i am going for second one :) because we need to setup hostname permanently 
open file /etc/sysconfig/network either in vi editor or nano text editor
type hostname in line, where HOSTNAME= is written 
hostname should have format like
for example i am using hostname ica.indishell.in
in = top level domain
top level domains are  .com .org .edu 

configure hostname and restart your system for reflecting changes 
ok now we need to change our DNS sever ip in static one 

open file /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/infcfg-eth0
and type your static IP in field IPADDR=server_ip
i am using ip , so in my case, its IPADDR=
ok now open /etc/resolv.conf , define DNS server ip here by typing 
nameserver server_ip

for example, in my case my DNS server ip is so i am defining it in /etc/resolv.conf file 

okkkkkkk, lets move to bind configuration ;)
bind config file is /etc/named.conf
we need to specify entries in /etc/named.conf file for domain ip resolution by DNS server 
i am going to setup DNS server for domain hardeep-and-ar-bhai-ji.rocks
open /etc/named.conf file and define following entries 
1. DNS server ip 
2. record for domain 'forward zone file'(domain to IP mapping file) and 'reverse zone file' (ip to domain 
    resolution file)

again.... my DNS server ip is and i am going to setup DNS server for domain hardeep-and-ar-bhai-ji.rocks

define DNS server ip in /etc/named.conf file by editing following lines

 define zone record related info just below  lines where following code is written in /etc/named.conf file 
 zone "." IN {
        type hint;
        file "/var/named/named.ca";

Forward zone record
forward zone record is for mapping domain name to IP .
Mainly it contains domain name and its forward zone file location.
code for hardeep-and-ar-bhai-ji.rocks domain will be like this 

zone "hardeep-and-ar-bhai-ji.rocks"  IN {
type master;
file "forward.zone";
       allow-update { none; };

zone "hardeep-and-ar-bhai-ji.rocks" IN {  is showing , for which domain we are creating entry
if you are creating entry for domain having name domain.com, this line will be like this 
zone "domain.com" IN { 

type master;  is showing that we are configuring master DNS server .

file "/var/named/forward.zone";   is for defining the location of the file which stores the info of domain for which which we are creating entry
i am creating entry for domain  hardeep-and-ar-bhai-ji.rocks , so info(subdomain names, mail server ns server and domain ip) for this domain will be stored in this file 

allow-update { none; };  is showing that who can update zone record for domain .

Reverse zone record
this is for IP to domain  name mapping purpose 
this is record contains revere zone file location and special name for reverse zone record i.e 
"reverse of DNS server ip 3 octet ".in-addr.arpa 

reverse zone record name starts with "reverse of DNS server ip 3 octet" , for example my DNS server ip is , first 3 octet of this ip is  192.168.0 and reverse of this is 0.168.192
now add  .in-addr.arpa  with reverse of DNS server ip 3 octet 
and it will be like this 

file "reverse.zone";  represent that file for zone record  0.168.192.in-addr.arpa  is reverse.zone 
note:- location for zone files is /var/named folder.

forward zone file (forward.zone):-
ok lets configure forward zone file for a domain so that whenever client request to DNS server for map domain to an IP , DNS server can reply back with proper information about that domain :)

structure of forward zone file is like this one

for forward zone file creation , you can do one thing , generate copy of  /var/named/named.localhost  with name forward.zone in folder  /var/named

now edit it for your domain 
ok again i want to clear few things 
i am using DNS server having hostname ica.indishell.in and its IP is
i am setting up DNS server for resoling domain hardeep-and-ar-bhai-ji.rocks 

so line number 2 ( @  IN SOA @ rname.invali. ( )will be like this
@       IN      SOA     ica.indishell.in.   root.hardeep-and-ar-bhai-ji.rocks. (

SOA - Start of Authority. This is the record and that this server is authorative for the specified domain.
ica.indishell.in.  is the fully qualifed domain name of DNS (Hostname).
                           fully qualified domain name ends with.

 root.hardeep-and-ar-bhai-ji.rocks. is the FQDN of domain for which we are setting up forward zone file
my domain name is hardeep-and-ar-bhai-ji.rocks , if you are setting up this file for domain having name ica.in it would be  root.ica.in.

                         IN       NS       ica.indihsell.in
this is for name server (hostname )
my DNS hostname is ica.indishell.in  
if your DNS name is some.domain.com  modify this line as  IN     NS     some.domain.com

                          IN      A
this is for domain IP i.e domain hardeep-and-ar-bhai-ji.rocks will be mapped to IP by DNS server

  ica                    IN       A 
this is indicating that domain hardeep-and-ar-bhai-ji.rocks has subdomain ica and that subdomain (ica.hardeep-and-ar-bhai-ji.rocks) will be mapped to

Reverse zone file:-
this zone file is use to map IP to domain name
if we query to DNS with IP , it will map ip to domain name using this zone file
to create reverse zone file , copy named.loopback file to name that you entered in named.conf file in reverse zone record (in mine case it was reverse.zone)
example reverse zone file

i am setting up reverse zone file for domain
when someone will query to DNS server for IP , DNS server will reply with domin info on this ip
after editing, reverse.zone file will be like this

@         IN   SOA   ica.indishell.in.    root.hardeep-and-ar-bhai-ji.rocks.  (

ica.indishell.in. is the fully qualified hostname of DNS
root.hardeep-and-ar-bhai-ji.rocks.  is the  email for domain hardeep-and-ar-bhai-ji.rocks

                           IN      NS    ica.indishell.in.
is the name server i.e DNS hostname

211                      IN    PTR  hardeep-and-ar-bhai-ji.rocks
this is important line which help DNS sever to map an IP to domain name
lets have a close look
211 is the last octet of IP (zone "0.168.192.in-addr.arpa")
PTR points  ip  to domain  hardeep-and-ar-bhai-ji.rocks
for example if you want to map ip to domain my-domain.com
line will be like this
219                      IN    PTR   my-domain.com
thats it :)

save the file and exit

okkkkkkkk , bind has been configured
lets restart service network and bind server ad check whether server is working properly or not ;)

restart network service by issuing command

service network restart

restart bind using command

service named restart 

now lets check whether DNS  server is mapping domain to ip and vice versa 

DNS server is replying back  :D
have a look on above Pic on answer and authority section ;)

test with nslookup command too

 :D working ...........

lets try for IP to domain mapping using nslookup command

chaal gya , jamaa jee sa aa gya bhaiyu =))

This was short intro on installing and configuring Master DNS server
Thank you 
Greetz to:-
 Zero cool, Team INDISHELL , Mannu, Viki , Hardeep and AR AR bhai ji <3

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  1. spelling mistake is there in reversezone record::: in that first line "
    this is for IP ot domain name mapping purpose

  2. sorry for that bhai ji :)
    i have corrected it and thank you for spotting mistake


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